All About Menopause

Menopause is not a disease, is a physiological phenomenon encountered in all women. From Etymologically, the term “menopause” has its origins in Greek (menos = hemorrhage, pause = end) defines the end of menstruation. From the physiological point of view, menopause is characterized by a deficiency of estrogen hormones permanent and irreversible.

The World Health Organization established the diagnosis of menopause after at least 12 months of amenorrhea (lack of menstruation). Menopause defines an entire biological stage in a woman’s life, marked by genital function decline (depletion of ovarian reserve) and during which it goes from reproductive period to senescence period.

Normally, symptoms of menopause begin after the age of 45, but there are cases when they begin even earlier, advancing as the reproductive capacity of the body closes to an end. Its effects can sometimes be disturbing, given that hormonal changes can cause sleep problems, hot flashes etc., but according to the American doctor Karen Deighan, to get over it easily it’s all about attitude. “I have a lot of menopausal patients and the first thing I do is to help them understand that this is a natural phase of life,” the doctor said. In addition, he said that every woman experiences menopause in her own way. Menopause includes several distinct stages: perimenopause, menopause and post menopause itself. Perimenopause lasts on average of two years and is a period of transition, characterized by decreasing fertility and then it disappears.  Menopause itself corresponds to the end of menstruation and post menopause lasts a period of 2-6 years after cessation of menses until the complete cessation of ovarian functional activity.

Most common symptoms of menopause are:
– Hot flashes are sudden sensations of heat that cover the entire body, causing visible redness of the skin, in particular in the upper body and face. These occur before the menopause, as a reaction of the organism to low estrogen reserve.
– Irregular periods – because of hormonal imbalances bleeding may be lighter or more abundant and can take more or less than usual.
– Loss of libido – women will notice a sudden drop in sexual desire, usually amid by deficiency of male hormones. Loss of libido can be caused by other perimenopause symptoms experienced, such as vaginal dryness and depression. However, lack of desire for privacy should not be confused with loss of ability to function sexually.
– Mood swings caused by menopause are surprisingly common. As each woman is different, mood changes particularly. Specifically, the case can be mild or intense, frequent or rare.
– Fatigue is also characteristic of menopause. This symptom may also be accompanied by reduced ability to focus, so it can prevent a woman to continue her normal activities.
– Weight gain – extra weight gain, especially around the waist may be a sign of hormonal changes brought by menopause.
– Depression – disorders caused by menopausal hormone also affects mental balance, an increased level of anxiety and depressive episodes.

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All About Menopause